What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Address Thank you! Oops! Related Contents Your DNA Test If your family relies on your income, it’s critical to know what their needs would be in the event of your death. Insurance Needs Assessment: For Empty Nesters and Retirees Do your insurance needs stay the same when the nest empties? Protecting Those Who Matter Most The importance of life insurance, how it works, and how much coverage you need.